Esophageal Obstruction in Large Animals
It is the most common disease in large animals in which the esophagus is obstructed by food or foreign objects. In Horses, the most common causal agents are beet pulp, grain, or hay. Esophageal obstruction can also occur after recovery from general anesthesia. Cattle incline to obstruct a single, solid object is beets, apples, turnips, cornstalks, potatoes, or ears of corn.
- Nasal Discharge Of Feed Material
- Arching The Neck
- Free-Gas Bloat
- Nasal Discharge Of Food And Water
- Protrusion Of The Tongue
- Extension Of The Head
acepromazine 0.05–0.1 mg/kg, IV, IM, or SC in cattle.
Sedative and muscle relaxants
- Xylazine 0.05 mg/kg, IM in cattle and horses
- Detomidine (0.02–0.05 mg/kg, IM in cattle and horses
- Oxytocin (0.11–0.22 mg/kg, IV, once in horse
After Obstruction Relieved
water-soaked, complete pelleted feed for at least 7–14 days in horses
In the case of Aspiration pneumonia
Antimicrobial treatment is typically 7-14 days.
- potassium penicillin g 22,000 u/kg, iv, every 6–12 hours.
- procaine penicillin g 22,000 u/kg, I/M, every 6–12 hours.
- trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole 30 mg/kg, PO, every 12 hours.
- Gentamicin sulfate 6.6 mg/kg, I/V or I/M, every 24 hours.
- metronidazole 15 mg/kg, PO, every 6 hours for anaerobic infections.
- phenylbutazone 2.2–4.4 mg/kg, po or iv, every 12 hours
- Flunixin meglumine 1.1 mg/kg, iv, every 12 hours.